I’m The Captain (Kirk) Now

The Minnesota Vikings are risking it all by signing free-agent quarterback Kirk Cousins to a 3-year, $84-million contract that is fully guaranteed, no matter how he plays. This is the largest contract in NFL history. Now the largest question that’s burning in everyone around the world’s minds right now: is Kirk Cousins worth it?

Cousins was drafted in the 4th round of the 2012 NFL Draft by the Washington Redskins as a back-up for fellow rookie Robert Griffin III, who was drafted by the Skins in the 1st round with the 2nd overall pick. When the RG3 experiment ended in disastrous fashion, it was Cousins who took the helm as the franchise QB. Cousins was extremely underwhelming in his first few years in the league not even breaking 1,000 passing yards until his 3rd year in the league in 2014. He also sported a QBR of 41.7 in 2013 which was among one of the lowest QBRs in the league.

It wasn’t until 2015 that Cousins finally broke through and showed why he was a franchise QB. Since 2015, Cousins is the only quarterback in the league to compile 3-straight 4,000+ passing yards seasons. There is no question that Cousins has what it takes to be a starter in the league, but was he worth the gamble? Since 2015, Cousins’ QBR has dropped from a modest 71.7 to 50.5 in 2017. While Cousins’ arm is nothing to question, his accuracy and decision-making is suspect.

Case Keenum had a breakout year in 2017 after getting the starting job for the Vikings when Sam Bradford was sidelined with a knee injury. After taking the reigns, the Vikings never looked back as Keenum lead the Vikings to a 13-3 regular season record, the Vikings best record in decades, and an appearance in the NFC Championship game. Keenum threw for just 5 less touchdowns than Cousins (Keenum: 22, Cousins: 27) in 2017 but also threw for almost half as many interceptions (Keenum: 7, Cousins: 13). Keenum also sported a higher completion percentage (67.7) than Cousins (64.3) and had a higher QBR (Keenum: 71.3, Cousins: 50.5). With that being said, it makes you wonder what the Vikings thought when signing Cousins over Keenum. What they probably saw was a guy who has proven himself as a starter in the league versus Keenum who could possibly be a one-hit wonder. Only time will tell, but bottom line is: the Vikings better be sure Cousins can deliver.


Roy Williams to be Inducted into Cotton Bowl HOF

It was announced Monday, April 30, that former Oklahoma standout safety Roy Williams will be inducted into the Cotton Bowl Hall of Fame for his performance against Arkansas in 2002.

Williams is known as arguably one of the greatest Sooners in Oklahoma history. Williams helped the Sooners to a national title in 2000, and had a historic performance against Arkansas in the Cotton Bowl in 2002. Williams racked up 6 tackles and 2 sacks against the Razorbacks. The Sooners’ defense as a whole held Arkansas to just 3 points and a total of 50 yards in a 10-3 win.

Williams was a 5-time pro bowler with the Dallas Cowboys and played 9 seasons in the NFL. He is remembered and revered for his fierce competiveness and huge play-making ability. It is only fitting that Williams be accepted into the Cotton Bowl HOF considering his accomplishments and the impact he had on that game against Arkansas. It’s a proud day to be a Sooner.

Kyler Murray: Oklahoma’s Two-Way Star

The departure of Baker Mayfield and other starters after the 2017 season left the sooner nation with a lot of question marks about the 2018 season, most of all being: who will be the starting quarterback for 2018? There has been a quarterback battle between backups Kyler Murray and Austin Kendall this offseason to see who will win the starting QB job, and all signs point to Murray being the starter. But should they?

Murray and Kendall battled for a half of football during OU’s Spring Game on April 14. Murray was 11 of 21 for 85 yards while rushing 9 times for 35 yards. Kendall went 11 of 18 for 134 yards and 1 touchdown and 1 red-zone interception.

In high school, Murray was the most dominant high school football player in the country, leading the Allen Eagles to 3 straight state championships and a 43-0 record during his tenure as a starter. Murray was ranked the #1 dual threat QB in the nation and was given a 5-star rating by 247Sports coming out of high school. The only potential problem for Murray is he could potentially get drafted early in the MLB Baseball Draft in June.

Murray has been regarded by MLB Pipeline: Top 100 Baseball Prospects as the No. 36 overall prospect for this summer’s MLB Draft. Murray is hitting .292 with a slugging percent of .513, but leads the Sooners in home runs and stolen bases. Murray’s athletic ability is what makes him so appealing as a baseball prospect. If he is picked in the MLB Draft anywhere near No. 36, it would likely come with a 7-figure signing bonus, based on 2017 figures.

With a future that is obviously much brighter on the baseball side, it’s hard to not think Murray could possibly leave OU for the MLB. Head Coach Lincoln Riley says the race between Kendall and Murray is, “neck and neck,” but don’t be surprised if Kendall comes out on top with all that Murray has on his plate.


Chicago Cubs Sweep Milwaukee Brewers

The Chicago Cubs ended a 4-game series with the Milwaukee Brewers on Sunday, April 29, with a 2-0 win having blanked the Brewers for the 3rd time in the series. The Brewers had won 8 straight before they were held to 2 runs and 14 hits in the sweep by the Cubs. Chicago’s starting pitchers, Hendricks, Darvish, Quintana and Chatwood, allowed an unearned run and 11 hits in 27 innings in the series. The Cubs improved to 7-1 against the Brewers this year and moved to a season-high 5 games above .500.

The Cubs starting rotation is finally taking off as predicted with 5 straight quality starts from the entire rotation. Before the offense and starting staff found success, the Cubs had been held together by their bullpen. Ranked 3rd in the NL, the bullpen has been the most consistent thing for the Cubs. New closer Brandon Morrow has been lights-out in the 9th inning, while set-up men Carl Edwards Jr. and Steve Cishek in the middle innings have done great jobs as well. Lefty Brian Duensing has yet to give up a run too.

The month of April has been a rollercoaster for the Cubs beginning with a relief staff that was carrying the load, then turned to an offense which scored the 2nd most runs per game in the league (5.28), and finished with a starting rotation spike. The Cubs are now living up to the hype from this offseason. If they can keep the wheels rolling and keep firing on all cylinders, we are looking at another potential World Series team.

From Walk-On to #1: Baker Mayfield

Baker Mayfield may be one of the most polarizing football players in college football history. Now he joins the Cleveland Browns and a long list of QBs who have been drafted by the Browns or should I say, “the place quarterbacks go to die.” Cleveland has had a long history of drafting quarterbacks in the first round that have never lived up to the hype. Since 1999, the Browns have drafted Tim Couch (1999), Brady Quinn (2007), Brandon Weeden (2012), and Johnny Manziel (2014) who all were successful in college and came into the draft with high expectations. It’s safe to say none of them ever lived up to their expectations, continuing the Browns’ woes of searching for a franchise quarterback.

In the 2018 NFL Draft, which took place on April 26, the Browns kicked things off by picking Heisman Trophy winner Baker Mayfield, QB, from the University of Oklahoma with the #1 overall pick. This pick was no doubt a shock to a lot of people in the world and it left many wondering: will Mayfield live up to the hype, or will he just be another disappointment? Let’s take a look and see:

Whether you agree or disagree with Mayfield’s off-field antics, you cannot deny the facts: Baker was the best QB in the draft. Mayfield began his college career as a walk-on at Texas Tech University where he won the starting job and lead the Red Raiders with 2000+ passing yards and 9 touchdowns until he  was sidelined the remainder of the season with a shoulder injury. When he returned, he was not given his starting spot back. Mayfield felt betrayed and felt like he had done enough to own the starting job and shouldn’t have had to fight for it again. This was the biggest mistake the Red Raiders could’ve possibly made. Mayfield then transferred to the University of Oklahoma where he walked-on and redshirted his first year. In 2015, Mayfield won the starting QB job from Trevor Knight, who was fresh off a 45-31 Sugar Bowl win against #3 ranked Alabama, and the rest was history.

During his tenure with the Sooners, Mayfield lead the Sooners to a 32-4 record over 3 seasons that included 3 consecutive Big 12 Championship titles and 2 College Football Playoff berths. Mayfield racked up a tremendous amount of award at OU including the Heisman Trophy Award in his final season with the Sooners in 2017. Mayfield ended his career at OU with the most passing yards, touchdowns, and highest passing completion percentage in OU history. He also finished his college career with the 3rd most passing yards in Big 12 history and 7th most in NCAA history. He also had the most total touchdowns in Big 12 history and 2nd most in NCAA history. In 2017, Mayfield finished the season being ranked 1st in the Big 12 and NCAA in several categories including pass completion percentage (70.5), passing yards per attempt (11.5), passing touchdowns (43), and passing efficiency rating (198.9). Based on these statistics it is safe to say Baker Mayfield is by far the best quarterback to come out of the 2018 NFL Draft.

The Cleveland Browns ranked 24th in the league in 2017 in total offensive efficiency and amounted an average of only 14.6 points per game, a league worst. What the Browns need is a franchise quarterback who can win games and score points, and I believe Browns’ GM John Dorsey found that in Baker Mayfield. With the offseason additions of Tyrod Taylor, Jarvis Landry, and Carlos Hyde as well as draft pick Nick Chubb, Mayfield is equipped with sufficient weapons and a mentor in Taylor that will help him develop to his full potential. I do not believe the Browns will be instantly better, but they have definitely taken the right steps in the right direction.

2018 NFL Draft: Chicago Bears Report Card

The 2018 NFL Draft began on April 26 and ended on April 28. The draft was held in the infamous AT&T Stadium, or should I say “Jerry’s World,” in Dallas, Texas. The draft was everything and anything everyone thought it would be. It was intense, silly, and everything in-between. Some people walked away feeling victorious like they just won the lottery, and others walked away feeling like they were just sentenced to life in prison. That being said, let’s take a look at the Chicago Bears and how they left fans feeling after this year’s draft.

Round 1, Pick 8 (8 overall): Roquan Smith, ILB, University of Georgia

My Grade: A+

I absolutely loved this pick by the Chicago Bears which is why I gave it an A+. I like this pick for many different reasons, but the main being that Roquan Smith is the leader the Bears have been missing. The Bears ranked 10th in total defense in the league in 2017, which is not too shabby for a team that finished with a 5-10 record. The defense was about the only good thing the Bears had going for them in 2017 with an ultimately one-dimensional and outdated offensive scheme under head coach John Fox. The Bears may not have been as flashy as teams like Jacksonville or Minnesota, but they were slowly growing and taking huge strides forward as a defensive unit. By the time the end of the season had approached, the Bears’ defense was nothing to sneeze at. However, the defense lacked something that it hasn’t had since Brian Urlacher retired in 2013, and that something is a leader. The defense lacks identity. It lacks that swagger and confidence that you need to be a great football team, and I believe the Bears found that thing they were missing in Smith.

In 2017, Smith was a consensus 1st-team All American. He was awarded the SEC Defensive Player of the Year award and was the unanimous Dick Butkus Award winner for best linebacker in the nation. He was also top 10 in stats in the SEC for categories across the board such as 1st in the SEC in total tackles and solo tackles, 3rd in tackles for loss, and 5th in forced fumbles. Smith is a fierce competitor and a leader, and he will instantly make an impact on the defense in the 2018-19 season. I am extremely excited about this pick and cannot wait to watch him flourish in the NFL and become one of the greats.

Round 2, Pick 7 (39 overall): James Daniels, OL, University of Iowa

My Grade: A

I was very pleased with this pick by the Bears. Going into the draft, I knew the Bears needed offensive line help to protect Trubisky. I thought if somehow he fell far enough to the 8th overall pick that the Bears would draft Quenton Nelson with their first round pick. This made sense because I knew we needed an offensive lineman or a linebacker more than anything else. I was sad to see Nelson go off the board at 6 to the Colts, but was soon compensated when we stole Roquan Smith off the board at 8. However, I knew we still needed a solid lineman to protect Trubisky, especially after the departure of Josh Sitton, our starting left guard, during free-agency. We asked for it and they delivered: the Bears start off day 2 of the draft with a bang by picking Daniels.

Daniels is 6’3, 306 pounds and extremely athletic and explosive off the ball. He played both guard and center during college at Iowa, but is more of a natural center. I could see the Bears moving Cody Whitehair, the bears current center, over to guard and placing Daniels in his natural spot at center. The University of Iowa is known for producing extremely effective offensive linemen that have great success in the NFL, hopefully Daniels falls into that stigma.

Round 2, Pick 19 (51 overall): Anthony Miller, WR, University of Memphis

My Grade: A

I absolutely love the pick. At first I was not too sure if I agreed with the Bears trading a 4th round pick and 2019 2nd round pick to move up to get him, but after learning more about Miller, I see why the Bears did what they did. Miller began his college career at Memphis as a walk-on in 2013 and then missed the entire 2014 season with a shoulder injury. Starting in 2015, Miller blossomed, catching 238 passes for 3,590 yards and 37 touchdowns over his final 3 years. He set school records in 2016 with 95 receptions for 1,434 yards and 14 touchdowns and then eclipsed his own records in 2017 with 96 catches for 1,462 yards and 18 touchdowns. Miller is an extremely versatile player with comparisons to Antonio Brown and Steve Smith as far as his skill set. The ceiling for Miller is higher than anyone can imagine, and I am extremely excited to watch him flourish under new head coach Matt Nagy’s offense.

Round 4, Pick 15 (115 overall): Joel “Iggy” Iyiegbuniwe, ILB, Western Kentucky University

My Grade: A

I like the pick a lot. The Bears addressed desperate needs in the first few rounds, and now it was time for the Bears to add depth in those places of need. Iggy is an extremely appealing player because of his intelligence as well as physical, downhill style of play. In 2017, the 6’1, 229-pound linebacker was named first-team All-Conference USA after leading the Hilltoppers with 117 tackles and 11.5 tackles-for-loss while also recording 2 sacks and 3 forced fumbles. He’s an extremely intelligent and dynamic player that can make big-time plays. I am very pleased with this pick and believe he will be a great asset at the linebacker position for the Bears.

Round 5, Pick 8 (145 overall): Bilal Nichols, DL, University of Delaware

My Grade: B+

I like this pick a lot for many different reasons but the main one being Nichols’ versatility. Bilal Nichols is 6’4, 306 pounds, and runs a 4.92 40-yard dash. At that height, weight, and speed, Nichols is performing at peak levels across the board. He played in a 4-3 defense his first two years in college before Delaware switched to a 3-4 defense. Having Nichols play in both schemes and having the success he did in those schemes shows his versatility and that he can play different positions up front. The Bears, however, like Nichols at the defensive line position. When you watch film of Nichols in the 3-4 scheme, you can see his explosiveness and quickness off the ball as well as his capability of making plays between the tackles which is very valuable to the Bears defensive scheme. Love the player, love the pick, great pick again by the Bears.

Round 6, Pick 7 (181 overall): Kylie Fitts, LB/EDGE, University of Utah

My Grade: B-

I like this pick because of the versatility that Fitts brings to the table. He’s the type of guy who is big enough and athletic enough to play either defensive end or linebacker even though he spent most of his college career as an edge rusher on the line. The main draw to Fitts is his quickness off the ball. He is extremely explosive which is what you look for in an edge rusher, and his size at 6’4, 263 pounds adds even more of an upside. The main concern is his history of injuries which kept him off the field for 2 seasons of his college career. If Fitts can stay healthy he could be a deadly addition to the Bears defense.

Round 7, Pick 6 (224 overall): Javon Wims, WR, University of Georgia

My Grade: A

The Bears started off the draft with a bulldog and ended with a bulldog. I absolutely love the pick, especially where they got him in the draft. Wims was a junior college transfer who played 2 seasons at Georgia. In 2017, he helped the Bulldogs reach the FBS championship game by leading the team in all receiving categories that included 45 receptions for 720 yards and 7 touchdowns. At 6’3, 215 pounds, Wims posses many impressive traits with most of all being a large, physical receiver with strong hands who can go and grab a 50/50 ball from the air and secure it. He has incredible body control and an outstanding catch radius that was put on full display when he absolutely torched the Sooners in the Rose Bowl with 2 touchdowns and 100+ receiving yards. Wims is a fierce competitor who has played in high-stakes games in high-stress situations, that experience is valuable to the Bears. It was a complete and total steal to get Wims in the 7th round, which is why the Bears officially won the 2018 NFL Draft.

My overall grade for the Chicago Bears NFL Draft is: A+. The Bears absolutely killed the draft in every aspect you could think of. They addressed all the needs of the team by picking up offensive line help in James Daniels and providing some weapons for Trubisky in Anthony Miller and Javon Wims to add to the free-agent additions of Trey Burton, Taylor Gabriel and Allen Robinson. The Bears also bolstered the defense by adding playmakers in key defensive roles. Being a Bears fan, I was extremely nervous for this draft as I have watched the Bears mess up their draft time and time again leaving me feeling like the guy who got a life sentence. After this year’s draft, I feel like a guy who just won the lottery. The Bears have been killing it the entire offseason; I cannot wait to see what they do in the 2018-19 season.




Karie Ross Dombrowski Q&A Extra Credit

Karie Ross Dombrowski is an ex-ESPN sportscaster and color commentator for various sports outlets. She is also a Journalism graduate from Gaylord College at the University of Oklahoma, where she returned for a Q&A session with some of the brightest and up-in-coming journalism students.

I joined the large crowd of about 50 people who gathered in Gaylord to listen to Karie Ross’s life story and wisdom. The event began with the dean of Gaylord College, Ed Kelly, introducing Ross by providing the audience with some background information on her. Ross then took over and began to tell us basically her entire life story and how she got to where she is now.

Her story began with her at OU as a journalism major. She graduated and joined KFOR, the local news station for Oklahoma City, as a broadcaster. She did both normal news as well as sports. She described how this was a huge feat for her because during this time, the news, was a male dominated profession, and a female talking about sports on the news was almost unheard of. She explained how her co-workers and higher-ups were extremely supportive of her which helped to propel her career. She then told us how she was hired by the local news station in Columbus, Ohio to cover Ohio State sports. This was another large step forward for Ross’s career in sports. After a few years with the news station, she was hired by ESPN to join the College Gameday crew which was a goal of hers since being a kid. After some discrepancies that occurred at ESPN, Ross moved on to an up-in-coming sports network called SNN. SNN was before its time, as it was the first 24/7 sports news network. SNN was ultimately bought out by another larger network, and this moved Ross on to a small sports news network in Las Vegas. Ross did not enjoy this position very much because the market for sports was so small in Vegas, and she was always undermined by her colleagues for being a woman . From there, Ross moved on to a sports news network in Miami, Florida where she was the lead reporter for all things Miami sports related. During her tenure with the news station, there were allegations that Ross was having an affair with Dave Dombrowski, the owner and general manager of a brand new start-up professional baseball team called the Miami Marlins. Eventually Dave and Ross had to address the allegations, and they admitted to their secret relationship. This caused Ross to have to step down from her current job, as it was a conflict of interests to have their lead sportscaster dating the owner of the Miami Marlins. Ross and Dombrowski eventually got married and had 2 kids. One of which attends Ross’s alma matter at the University of Oklahoma. Dave Dombrowski won a World Series Championship with the Marlins in 1997 before moving to Detroit to take over as president of baseball operations and general manager for the Tigers. Dombrowski then left the Tigers organization in 2004 and is now currently the general manager for the Boston Red Sox where Ross and her family currently reside.

Karie Ross’s story was incredibly inspiring to me. It was extremely informative in the sense of learning about the ins and outs of the sports world, and how once she got her foot in the door it allowed her career to take off. I was incredibly inspired by Ross’s grit and how hard she worked to get to the positions she was in. It was inspiring to learn about the adversity and challenges she faced with being a woman trying to succeed in a profession that was ruled by men. She never let the fact of her being a woman stop her from achieving her goals. I also took great pleasure in learning how she never sacrificed her morals no matter what she could get in return like how many men in power would offer her a raise or promotion if she would go out with them. It was inspiring to hear from one of the greatest sportscasters of all time, and to learn about what she has done since I want to pursue a career in sports as well.

Her final note to us was to be patient. She said we live in a generation of “now,” where everyone wants things right away, but nothing good ever comes right away. Good comes to those who work hard and wait. She said every opportunity she had if she rewound a year before she would’ve never envisioned herself where she was. Her advice, wisdom, and story were extremely insightful and inspiring and it is something I will never forget.

Evolution of Oklahoma Politics Discussion Panel Extra Credit

I attended the OU Daily hosted event of “From Red to Blue: The Evolution of Politics in Oklahoma.” The event was a panel composed of 3 politicians and 1 reporter that reports on Oklahoma politics. The members of the panel included former Tulsa Mayor Dewey Bartlett, former Oklahoma Governor Frank Keating, Oklahoma Republican National Convention chairperson Pam Pollard, and Journal Record reporter Catherine Sweeney. Two proctors from the OU Daily asked the panel members various questions about current Oklahoma politics and the future of Oklahoma politics while audience members could participate and ask questions when they wanted too as well.

Most of the discussion was about the current state of public education in the state of Oklahoma. To no surprise to anyone, a lot of the audience participated in this part of the discussion with the teacher walkout ending just a week ago. A lot of the panel gave really good answers and had very well-prepared responses to all the questions from both the proctors and audience. I believe they were all expecting questions about education and prepared well to answer them effectively to satisfy the audience. That is where the problem lies with me, I believe they were all just kind of telling us what we wanted to hear but no real progress was made on education even after the teacher walkout.

The panel also discussed how the state of Oklahoma used to be overwhelmingly Democratic and how it transitioned to Republican. However, as of recently, the state has been transitioning back to Democratic, and the panel shared their viewpoints and thoughts on why this is so. The entire panel agreed on the main reason people have a lot of disagreements with the current status of Oklahoma politics and that is because not enough people go out and vote, especially the younger generation meaning college and high school kids. They really stressed how important voting is and how much of an impact one little vote has on the future of Oklahoma. An example Pam Pollard made was that Democrats have won every single special election in the state of Oklahoma since 2011 even though the state is predominantly Republican. She stressed this is so because in the smaller districts all over Oklahoma, those communities are extremely active in voting while the bigger cities like Norman, Tulsa, and Oklahoma City are not as engaged or involved in the voting process. Another great point was made by former Oklahoma Governor Frank Keating when he said it gets us nowhere as a state when a representative that will be representing over 25,000 people is voted into office from only 2,500 votes.

The discussion was extremely informative and interesting. I am not very huge into politics, but this panel helped spark some interest into politics for me. They did a great job of inspiring and wanting us, the younger generation, to go out and vote because we are the future of this nation and our votes matter. I enjoyed listening to the panel and their experience and wisdom and I learned a lot more than I knew on the state of Oklahoma politics and the direction we are headed in as a state.

First Amendment Blog Post

I interviewed 5 people on their thoughts pertaining to the First Amendment. I interviewed my parents who are both 59 years-of-age and then 3 of my friends that are all age 20. I asked all interviewees the same 4 questions which were:

1. Do you agree or disagree with the freedoms?

2. Which do you support, and which do you think are excessive or provide too much freedom?

3. Do you recognize the law?

4. What is your political affiliation/which side do you lean towards more?

My first interview was with my dad, Stuart Friedman, age 59, and his responses were as follows:

1. He completely agrees with all the freedoms listed from the first amendment. He believes they are the principles on which our country was built on.

2.  He supports all the freedoms. He does not think any are too excessive or provide too much freedom.

3. He recognized the law as soon as I started telling it.

4. He affiliates with the Republican Party but tends to lean more towards the Democratic party as of recent years.

My next interview was with my mom, Patricia Friedman, age 59, and her responses were as follows:

1. She agrees with all the freedoms for the same reasons as my dad.

2. She supports all freedoms and does not think one is more important than another.

3. She recognized the law right away as well.

4. She affiliates with the Democratic party.

My next interview was with Caleb Miller, a health and exercise sciences, pre-occupational therapy sophomore, age 20, and his responses were as follows:

1. Caleb agrees with these freedoms because he believes everyone should have the ability to express themselves in anyway they want.

2. He does not think any of the freedoms are too excessive or provide too much freedom. He supports freedom of religion because he believes it is everyone’s inalienable right to be able to express and practice their own religion.

3. Caleb recognized the law.

4. Caleb affiliates with the Republican party.

My next interview was with Maddox Graham, an accounting sophomore, age 20, and his responses were as follows:

1. Maddox agrees with these freedoms. He believes these freedoms are what makes America the land of opportunity and the reason people from around the world want to come here.

2. He does not think any of the freedoms are too excessive, nor does he specifically support any single freedom. He does, however, support all of them in general.

3. Maddox recognized the law.

4. Maddox affiliates with the Republican Party.

My last interview was with Jordan Dwyer, a mechanical engineering sophomore, age 20, and his responses were as follows:

1. Jordan agrees with all these freedoms because they are what separates a democratic republic from a dictatorship.

2. He does not believe any of the freedoms are too excessive, and he supports them all.

3. Jordan recognized the law.

4. Jordan affiliates with the Republican Party.

There were similar patterns that emerged from everyone’s answers. Everyone’s answers were basically the same despite being from different age groups and having different levels of education as well as different occupations. The most common pattern that emerged from the respondents answers was agreement and support of the First Amendment. They all supported all the freedoms, and no one thought any of the freedoms were too excessive either. They all supported the freedoms for basically the same reasons which were mainly that the principles behind the First Amendment are the foundation for which this country was built upon. Most of the interviewees knew a lot about the first amendment. The most impressive thing to me was they all knew that I was talking about the First Amendment right away.

Chapter 4 Review Question Blog Post

The exploitation and glorification of drugs and alcohol has been prevalent in rebellious music for decades. This is especially seen in the 1960s during the counter-culture movement. The 60s was a time of great change in America. There were many social movements occurring at once as a result of various political debacles such the draft and the Vietnam War as well as the Jim Crow Laws. One of the most influential social movements was the shift of the culture in teenagers and young adults infamously known as the counter-culture. The counter-culture was a movement targeted directly at young adults aging from 18 through mid-20s. It was a result of a mixture of social injustices that directly impacted young adults such as the draft and segregation. Young adults were breaking the traditional lifestyle of going to school, getting a job, having a family, working until you retire, and then dying. Young adults were starting to rebel against the system. They were embracing the ‘hippie’ lifestyle of dropping out of school, protesting the war, and finding themselves through spiritual journeys. The counter-culture could not have lasted if it was not for some key factors helping to fuel the fire from the outside. These factors included the introduction of psychedelic drugs such as LSD as well as other drugs being illegally moved into America from foreign countries such as cocaine and heroin and the emergence of rebellious rock’n’roll music. Rock’n’roll music glorified drugs and alcohol and made it the cool thing to do for kids. This was arguably what started the war on drugs that emerged during the Reagan Era.

Fast forward about 50 years into the future and not much has changed with the millennial generation. Social injustices are still prevalent in today’s society as well as music that glorifies drug and alcohol use. The main difference in today’s society is it is more prevalent in hip-hop/rap music than rock’n’roll. Rock’n’roll is not the same as it was during the 60s-80s eras. Around the 1980s, gangster rap emerged in the U.S. pop-culture and took the country by storm. Ever since, rap/hip-hop, besides pop music, has become the reigning music of the current culture. Rap/hip-hop music runs supreme on all the top music billboards and charts, and has a direct impact on the culture. The same glorification of drugs and alcohol that sold hits during the 60s with rock’n’roll or during the 80s with gangster rap is still selling hits today with modern-day rap/hip-hop. It leaves a lasting impression on kids and the younger generation as well. Some can argue that it is an issue and some may agree. Others can argue that it may be how a child is brought up that will determine if this music really can have such a large influence on kids, teenagers and young adults. Either way, drugs and alcohol are a huge part of contemporary and alternative forms of music today and that does not seem like it is going to change for a long time to come.